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The Geography of Africa
The Early Ancient Kingdoms of Africa
Africa Before The Slave Trade
Portuguese Explorations
Middle Passage
Upon Arrival
Slavery in Latin America
From Africa To Slavery

Terms used in Afro-Latin American Civilizations

Useful terms


Asiento De Negros- "slave trade permit", a trade contract granted by the Spanish Crown to foreign ship owners and merchants, allowing them the right to import African slaves into the colonies


Asentado-in colonial Spanish America, a black slave with his owner's permission, offered his services for wages, through this he often obtained his freedom


Bangue- in colonial Brazil, a litter used to carry dead slaves for burial


Cat- a device used by slave ship captains in the Guinea trade a the means of enforcing discipline among black slaves


Dog-driver- in the West Indies, a black slave in charge of other slaves working in the s

sugar fields and in the sugar mills, he is said to have treated the slaves he was commanding like dogs


Hausa Slaves- term in Brazil used to describe a large number of black slaves brought from northern Nigeria. They were distinguished by a stubby beard and refused to mix with other slaves.  They were responsible for the slave uprisings in Bahia, Brazil.


Mancarron- in the Dutch slave trade jargon, any black over forty years old who was sick, blind, lame, or paralyzed who fair market value was low


Negrier- a slave ship or slave dealer


Negrofy- in the West Indies, a derogatory term meaning to infest with black ideas, whites who defended slavery used this against abolitionists


Negro Itch- in the West Indies, a malignant species of eczema prevalent among black women, apparently of African origin


Ta- in the West Indies, grandfather, a term of endearment used by black slaves, it conveyed esteem, affection, and respect for the old man who took care of children born to slaves


Unidade- a Portuguese word for slave used in West Afirca during the slave trade


Wawee- tribal language and language names of African slaves brought to Jamaica


Weeding-gangs- in the West Indies, a group of slaves including young slaves about twelve years old, the weaker slaves, and those with chronic illnesses, all of whom were employed in the lighter jobs on the sugar estates


Zungu- in Brazil, an African word for fight